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© 2009 Society of Cosmetic Chemists
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists, Vol. 60, No. 4, 415-422

Skin collagen reproduction increased by ascorbic acid derivative iontophoresis by frequent-reversal bipolar electric stimulation
Yusuke Hori , Ryuji Akimoto , Akiko Hori , Katsuhiko Kato , Daisuke Chino , Shohei Matsumoto , Shohei Kamiya , Yasuo Watanabe



The effect of the iontophoresis of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C; VC) derivative with frequent-reversal bipolar electric stimulation on the production of collagen in rat skin was evaluated in terms of hydroxyproline content through high-performance liquid chromatography. First, a control group was not given electrical stimulation and four groups were stimulated with a unipolar pulse for 0.5—10 min every day for one week. The hydroxyproline level in the skin was increased depending on the length of the stimulation. Second, a control group was not given any electrical stimulation, and three groups were treated with (a) VC solution without any stimulation, (b) a bipolar pulse for 10 min with saline, or (c) a bipolar pulse for 5 min with the VC solution. Significant increases were found in all the stimulation groups, although these treated with the VC solution without any stimulation did not have any effects compared to the control. Thus, in order to increase the hydroxyproline levels in skin, a VC must be delivered with bipolar stimulation as a method of iontophoresis. These results suggest that our newly developed electric stimulation is effective at increasing skin collagen content, and that bipolar stimulation is more effective on the iontophoresis of not only VC but also some medicines such as low- and high-molecular drugs directed to the target organ (7).

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© 2009 Society of Cosmetic Chemists
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists