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© 1974 Society of Cosmetic Chemists
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists, Vol. 25, No. 5, 271-281

Current Perspectives on Aerosol Toxicity
Charles O'Connor Ward



The TOXICITY of cosmetic, household, or personal product AEROSOLS is primarily the result of either deliberate abuse or allergic reactions to one or more of the ingredients. Hair sprays, antiperspirants, deodorants, and feminine hygiene sprays, among others, have been reported to produce toxic reactions in some users. A review of the published experimental and clinical data does not substantiate the contention that, when used as directed, they are hazardous. It is true, for instance, that the fluorocarbon PROPELLANTS, in experimental situations, can sensitize the myocardium to catecholamine-induced arrhythmias and thus produce a situation detrimental to the user, but not in the amounts to which the consumer is ordinarily exposed. The differences between toxicity, the inherent ability to produce undesirable alterations in biological tissue, and HAZARD, the likelihood that toxicity will occur, may explain the case for aerosol products. The potential for toxicity of properly packaged cosmetic, household, and personal product aerosols is present; the hazard is small under conditions of normal use.

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© 1974 Society of Cosmetic Chemists
Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists